What are the advantages and disadvantages of electric cars in India?Report
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You must have been aware of Electric Cars, they are increasingly making headlines. They are relatively a new concept in the automotive sector of India. Here we share some advantages and limitations of electric cars in India.
No fuel cost and toxic emission.
They have an advantage over conventional fuel as there is no need of petrol or diesel and electric cars depend on a rechargeable battery to power the electric cars, which says about lesser money spent on fuel. Even there is no release of toxic emission or carbon emission and thus contributes towards the healthy and stable environment.
They are cost effective.
With technological advancements, huge production of lithium batteries, government subsidies, and flexible tax incentives now has reduced the price of electric cars, and hence more cost-effective.
They are more energy efficient.
Energy yielded from the fuel source is converted to actual energy for running the wheels. Electric car batteries transform 60 to 70 percent of energy into vehicle movement of a car, while petrol or diesel vehicles convert only about 18 to 25 percent, which makes the former more energy efficient.
Low maintenance cost and high performance.
Electric cars are lesser in maintenance, whereas the petrol or diesel engines need costly engine maintenance over a lifetime due to a traditional combustion engine
Besides these advantages, there are a few limitations as well.
No adequate charging stations.
This is a big flaw. Now the electric fuelling stations are yet in developing stage, so with more charging stations, things will get easier.
Electric cars cover less distance.
The limitation is that they cover very shorter range than petrol or diesel cars. Mostly they can cover a distance of about 100 to 120 km on a single charge, whereas a few luxury electric cars can cover about 180 to 250 km per charge, in comparison to petrol or diesel cars.
Longer time to recharge.
In comparison to petrol or diesel cars which only take only a few minutes to fuel the cars, an electric car takes much longer time to get completely charged. An electric car takes about 6 to 8 hours with a Level 1 or Level 2 charger, and the fastest charging option takes 30 minutes to charge about 80 % capacity.
Battery pack must be replaced.
Battery packs are expensive and must be replaced several times in the lifetime of a car based on the kind and usage of battery.
Electric cars are expansive.
In comparison to fuel powered petrol or diesel cars, the price of electric cars is quite high, but owing to government incentives, tax benefits, and fuel cost savings could help with the costing.
Like other fuel or diesel cars, electric cars also have pros and cons.